Infections can be itchy and uncomfortable. No one really talks about these things in the open because they are embarrassed and they try to hush it up. The vaginal infections in women are one of the things which women feel uncomfortable to open up. However, vaginal infections are very common in women. Yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time. There are some specific reasons which cause yeast infections. Most of them can be cleared easily but others can take time before they completely leave without a trace.
The vaginal area normally consists of yeast and bacteria in a healthy balance. There is a hormone called estrogen that allows the growth of lactobacilli to grow. These bacteria have the ability to get rid of harmful organisms in the vagina and they act like that to keep the area healthy. But sometimes because of some problems, the balance is disrupted and then only the yeast infection is caused. The fungus termed as Candida will grow without any control and this, in turn, results in the yeast infection.
Symptoms of the infection
Itchiness and some discomfort are some of the major symptoms of the infection. However, there are other things that might lead to infection.
- There may be cases of burning sensations when urinating.
- Redness and swelling in the regions of the vagina are also the indicators of yeast infection.
- Pain and soars in the vagina.
- The rash in the vagina.
- Thick white, odor free discharges from the vagina which appears like cottage cheese.
- Watery discharges from the vagina.
The symptoms for the complicated yeast infection are-
- You may have the signs of severe rash, swelling and itching which can become drastic and terrible.
- The itching may turn to the cracks, sores or the tears.
- When you have more than three or four yeast infections in a year than it is serious.
- The yeast infection may be caused by a typical type of fungus.
- You may be pregnant if there is an infection that is complicated.
- The problem of uncontrolled diabetes may also be the cause of the infection.
- The immune system may become weak because of the medications you take.
- The condition like HIV may also be the cause.
Time to see the doctor
- If you are having a yeast infection for the first time it is the right time to go and see a doctor to know what caused it.
- If you are not sure whether it is an infection or just a passing inconvenience.
- If the symptoms of the infection are not gone and they are coming back again after continuous medical treatments.
- If there are other symptoms that are new.
What are the causes?
The fungus called the Candida albicans is the main cause of all kinds of yeast infections in the vagina. The vagina has a balanced mix of yeast which consists of the candida and bacteria. There is a particular bacterial called the (lactobacillus) which acts to discourage the growth of yeast more than the healthy quantity. When that balance gets interrupted and the yeast grows more than the limit it causes the infection. There will be the overgrowth of the candida or the fungus in the external regions of the vagina and the cells which can lead to the symptoms of yeast infection.
The overgrowth of the yeast and the cause of the infection are because of the following reasons.
- The use of antibiotics can cause a disturbance in the natural layers of the vagina.
- Uncontrolled diabetes.
- The immune system is weak.
- The poor eating habits.
- The imbalance of the hormone because of the menstrual cycle.
- Stress-related issues.
- Lack of sleep and lack of proper rest.
How are vaginal infections diagnosed?
Yeast infections are easily diagnosed. The doctor will ask about medical history to know about your body. This will show if you have had any yeast infections previously. They may ask if you have any STI. The other step is the pelvic exam. The doctor will check the walls of the vagina and cervix. They will examine if the external areas that are affected by the infection are not. The next step will be taking the cells to check the nature of the infection. The lab tests are important for women who have got yeast infections on a frequent basis.
How the infection is treated?
For the simple tests of the yeast infection, your doctor will advise you to take a one-two- three-day treatment of the antifungal cream, tablet, and ointment. These medications will be prescribed to you or they may give you the over-the-counter medicines.
The medications are-
- clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
- terconazole (Terazol)
- fluconazole (Diflucan)
- clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
The women having simple yeast infections will follow up with their doctors if the medicine is working or not. If the symptoms return after taking the medication you have to certainly meet the doctor again for the check-up. If you are having the yeast infection you can get rid of it at home also with the OTC products.
What are the natural and the other alternatives for treatment?
You can treat the infection in the vagina with natural remedies. If you want to avoid the products like the prescription medications you can use the home remedies however they are not effective like the prescription drugs because they can only help you with the infections which are not very serious. Here are some of the home remedies.
- Coconut oil
- Tea tree oil
- Boric acid vaginal suppositories
- Plain yogurt by mouth and it can also be inserted in the vagina but with expert advice.
How to prevent it?
- You have to eat a diet balanced in all nutritional requirements.
- You can eat yogurt.
- Try wearing natural fibers like cotton, silk, and linen.
- Washing the underwear in the warm water.
- You can replace the feminine products daily.
- Avoid the tight wears like leggings, pantyhose, and tights.
- You can sit in the hot tubs and baths.
These are some of the important information you can keep in mind if there is a problem with a yeast infection.